Imagine a world without refrigeration. In days gone by in Europe, meat, cheese and fish were salted to preserve them. However, the rancid taste could not be disguised, and so spices began playing an increasingly important role. Not only are spices of great historical value, but they still play a major role in the global food industry today. Interestingly, it was a lack of spices in Europe that shaped our modern world, and especially that of South Africa.